من الحرب الى السلام، الحرب العثمانية الطويلة :1683-169، قوات الرابطة المقدسة، ومعاهدات كالروفيتز 1699


25-26 ابريل ، صوفيا

FROM WAR TO PEACE: The Ottoman ‘Long War’ of 1683–1699 with the Lega Sacra Powers and the Treaties of Carlowitz 1699: Antecedents, Course and Consequences

International workshop

Center of Excellence in the Humanities “Alma Mater”, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”

Sofia, 25–26 April 2014

The year 2014 will be observed by the academic community and the general public as the one-hundredth anniversary of the outbreak of the Great War (1914–1918), one of the most important turning points in world history, and a conflict which undoubtedly not only destroyed the old European order, but also had an immense influence, an influence which which is still felt, upon the course of history since 1914.

That same year 2014 may also be recognised as the anniversary of another, earlier, major conflict, less known to a general audience and the scholarly community than the WWI, but which had an impact on Europe and especially on the history of the Balkans which was fully comparable to the effect which World War I had on Europe and the rest of the world. In 1699, exactly three hundred and fifteen years ago, a major military conflict came to a closure. The Lega Sacra, comprising the Habsburg Empire, Poland, Venice and Russia, confronted in all possible military means the Ottoman Empire during the years following the unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna in 1683. The peace treaties signed at Carlowitz in January 1699 put a seal on the first major territorial losses suffered by the Ottomans, forcing them to accept the loss of much territory in Hungary and Poland, as well as part of the western Balkans.

The peace congress of Carlowitz and the signing of the treaties themselves brought new elements in the relations between the Ottoman Empire and their Christian neighbours in Europe, which up to that time had been dominated mainly by ideology and the fierce fight between religions. The war of 1683-1699, the negotiations and the signing of the Carlowitz agreements and, in effect, the closing of the Ottoman frontier, belong to a group of important historical events that were underestimated not only as a public perception at the time, but also subsequently as a still relatively little-studied problem of historiography. The final years of the seventeenth century, however, do mark a major turning point for the history of the Balkans, for the Ottoman Empire, and for Europe. Looking back retrospectively at the 315 years which have elapsed since 1699, it may be that the time has come to pay to the Peace of Carlowitz the tribute that the War of 1683–1699 and the Peace congress of 1698–9 – the third centenary of which in 1699 went almost totally unnoticed by historians – really deserve.

Program:

Friday, 25 April

9:00 – 9:15 Opening

THE WAR OF 1683–1699 IN EUROPEAN CONTEXT

Section 1

Chair: Colin Heywood

9:15 – 10:00 Charles Ingrao (Purdue University), The Habsburgs and the Holy League: Religion or Realpolitik?

10:00 – 10:45 Ivan Parvev (Sofia University), The War of 1683–1699 and the Beginning of the Eastern Question

10:45 – 11:15 Coffee Break

Section 2

Chair: Arno Strohmeyer

11:15 – 12:00 Erica Ianiro (University of Venice), Venice after Carlowitz: Changes and Challenges in the Adriatic and Mediterranean Sea

12:00 – 12:45 Maurits van den Boogert (Brill Publishers), The Spoils of Peace: What the Dutch got out of Karlowitz

12:45 – 14:00 Lunch

REGIONAL ASPECTS OF THE WAR

Section 3

Chair: Dariusz Kołodziejczyk

14:00 – 14:45 Hans Georg Majer (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich), Ottoman Knowledge of the Imperial Commanders

14:45 – 15:30 Lothar Höbelt (University of Vienna), The Habsburg War Effort in the 1690s

15:30 – 16:00 Coffee Break

Section 4

Chair: Ivan Parvev

16:00 – 16:45 Dzheni Ivanova (Bulgarian National Library), Ottoman Subjects, Habsburg Allies: The Reaya of Chiprovtsi Region (Northwestern Bulgaria) on the Front Line, 1688–1690

16:45 – 17:30 Kirill Kochegarov (Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow), From the “Eternal Peace” to the Treaty of Karlowitz: Relations between Russia, the Sublime Porte and the Crimean Khanate in 1686–1699

Saturday, 26th April

DIPLOMACY AND PEACE

Section 1

Chair: Hans Georg Majer

9:15 – 10:00 Colin Heywood (University of Hull), “Blessed are the peacemakers”?: From Aspiration to Reality in the Anglo-Dutch Mediation, 1684–1699

10:00 – 10:45 Abdullah Güllüoğlu (Freie Universität, Berlin), Ottoman Diplomacy in the First Years of the Ottoman ‘Long War’,1683–1699

10:45 – 11:15 Coffee Break

Section 2

Chair: Lothar Höbelt

11:15 – 12:00 John-Paul Ghobrial (University of Oxford), An English Ambassador in Time of War: Sir William Trumbull’s Mission to the Porte, 1687–1691

12:00 – 12:45 Arno Strohmeyer (University of Salzburg), The Symbolic Making of Peace: Count Wolfgang IV of Oettingen-Wallerstein as Imperial Grand Ambassador at the Sublime Port (1699–1700)

12:45 – 14:00 Lunch

Section 3

Chair: Charles Ingrao

14:00 – 14:45 Tatiana Bazarova (Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg), The Treaty of Carlowitz and its Impact on Russian-Ottoman Relations, 1700–1710

14:45 – 15:30 Zoltan Györe (University of Novi Sad), War and Demography: The Case of Southern Hungary after Carlowitz

15:30 – 16:15 Dariusz Kołodziejczyk (University of Warsaw), The Treaty of Karlowitz in Polish Memory – a Date to be better forgotten?

Organizing committee:

Professor Dr. Colin Heywood

Associate Professor Dr. habil. Ivan Parvev

Assistant Professor Dr. Maria Baramova

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